Explanation & Legend Definition
European forests cover nearly 40 % of the surface and are home of most of the continent’s biodiversity. In addition to the supply of timber, to which most forested European land is dedicated, forests provide a multitude of other benefits and services in terms of climate regulation, human health, recreation, fresh water supply and many others.
Network approaches and new actor alliances:
describes a system based on cooperation where individuals (e.g. persons, households or organisations) formulate individual and common goals.
Payment schemes and compensation:
can be designed as a system of voluntary exchange (real market). The allocation of resources and provision of services is determined by the largest willingness to pay.
is a system of command. Power of decision rests with a top level. Governments, firms, and dynasties are all examples of hierarchical structures.
However, few real-world governance systems are actually based on just one type. Typically, they co-exist, as they may even depend fundamentally on each other.
Selected innovations across Europe, which are in different stages of development.